Using 2X2 Tables to Choose Between Two Alternatives

You can make better decisions by using simple 2×2 tables. Learn how here!

There are hundreds of ways to evaluate programs and other initiatives. Many are subjective and do not provide hard, actionable data. Others are objective but so complicated that data analysts and statistics specialists are required to use them. 2X2 tables are easy to learn and use and very effective at producing understandable yet quantifiable results from a data set. This article details how to use them.

Using 2X2 Tables to Choose Between Two Alternatives

Getting Things Done in Military Medicine

How to get things done in military medicine, and how to carry that skill into every area of life. 

Like everything in government, military medicine is a vast bureaucracy. As such, military medicine is inherently resistant to change; sometimes it seems that people work four times as hard to get one-fourth of the work done. Nonetheless good people do good things every day, and slowly the prow of this lumbering battleship gets pointed in the right direction. I have spent over 23 years in military medicine, including 18 months as a liaison in Washington at the Department of Health and Human Services, and have learned a few things along the way. This paper is intended to help my staff, others currently in military medicine, and perhaps even those after us, get good things done in the US military health system.

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The British Campaign in Afghanistan 1839-1842

The British campaign against Afghanistan was prompted by fear, began with hubris, squandered advantages, decayed into folly, and ended with tragedy. Many other military campaigns, and endeavors in life, are the same. 

India was the crown jewel of the British Empire, providing raw materials such as cotton for the growing British economy. Queen Victoria had just taken the throne (20 June 1837) of “this vast empire on which the sun never sets, and whose bounds nature has not yet ascertained.” The British East India Company was in de facto control of much of modern India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, except for in the United States, British arms had prevailed for a century, and the Industrial Revolution (mid 1700s to mid 1800s) was transforming the British Lion into the first European superpower since Rome.

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