This Day in History: 0000-07-30

30 Jul – Confederates threw back the abortive Union attack at the Battle of the Crater (1864).
30 Jul – 3 Aug – A Tartar army from the Crimea under Khan Devlet I and a large force of Ottoman Janissaries combined to invade Russia during the Livonian war during the reign of Ivan the Terrible. At the Battle of Molodi, 60,000 Russians smashed the 120,000 invaders 40 miles south of Moscow, ending the hopes of the Tartars and Ottomans to conquer Russia (1572).