Social Distancing, Public Health, and the Bible

Social distancing is an important public health measure to slow or stop the spread of many diseases. God’s instructions to the Hebrews in the Bible were primarily for holiness, but also had important health benefits.

I was at the auto parts store last week buying brake pads to replace the old ones in my daughter’s Prius. An elderly woman walked in, donning a mask and gloves, and carefully staying at least six feet away from others. When a clerk approached her and when other customers walked by, she retreated. I walked the long way down a separate aisle to get around her, trying to provide the space that she needed. Given her increased level of risk, and the fact that she didn’t seem grumpy, I appreciated her caution.

Social distancing, putting space between people who may infect each other with a disease, is the major way that individuals and governments throughout the world are trying to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic. It has worked many times in history, such as in the Spanish Flu pandemic of 1918, a far deadlier disaster than the current plague. The nation, and indeed much of the world, has been staying at home, or at least away from others, for over six weeks. Public health experts have used many other interventions for infection control as well. This article will discuss social distancing and other public health actions against infectious disease.

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Childbirth and Children in the Bible

A summary on the bearing and raising of children, and children’s lives, in the Bible and ancient Middle East. 

A reader who was preparing a Bible study asked me for some information on children in the Bible. Life in Bible times was centered around the family, and children were a vital part. Our 21st century debates in the West about whether to marry and whether to have children were unthinkable for most people in antiquity. For the vast majority of people, marriage was expected and even required. There were good reasons for this:

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Useful Quotations on the Meaning of Life

Pithy Prose for Politicians, Preachers, Professors, Pundits, and Public Speakers.

Contemplation is the highest form of activity. Aristotle.

If you’re feeling helpless, help someone. Aung San Suu Kyi.

“What is a fear of living? It’s being preeminently afraid of dying. It is not doing what you came here to do, out of timidity and spinelessness. The antidote is to take full responsibility for yourself – for the time you take up and the space you occupy. If you don’t know what you’re here to do, then just do some good.” Maya Angelou

“Life has no meaning. Each of us has meaning and we bring it to life. It is a waste to be asking the question when you are the answer.” Joseph Campbell

“You will never be happy if you continue to search for what happiness consists of. You will never live if you are looking for the meaning of life.” Albert Camus

“1877. The vocation of humanity is to show forth the image of God and to be transformed into the image of the Father’s only Son. This vocation takes a personal form since each of us is called to enter into the divine beatitude; it also concerns the human community as a whole.” The Catholic Church, Catechism of the Catholic Church

You keep waiting for the moral of your life to become obvious, but it never does. Work, work, work. No moral, no plot, no eureka! You might as well be living inside a photocopier. Douglas Coupland.

“In order to lead a meaningful life, you need to cherish others, pay attention to human values and try to cultivate inner peace.” Dalai Lama XIV

“We are born and we die; and between these two most important events in our lives more or less time elapses which we have to waste somehow or other. In the end it does not seem to matter much whether we have done so in making money, or practicing law, or reading or playing, or in any other way, as long as we felt we were deriving a maximum of happiness out of our doings.” Clarence Darrow

“What is the meaning of it, Watson? said Holmes solemnly as he laid down the paper. “What object is served by this circle of misery and violence and fear? It must tend to some end, or else our universe is ruled by chance, which is unthinkable. But what end? There is the great standing perennial problem to which human reason is as far from an answer as ever.” Arthur Conan Doyle

“If there is any intelligence guiding this universe, philosophy wishes to know and understand it and reverently work with it; if there is none, philosophy wishes to know that also, and face it without fear. If the stars are but transient coagulations of haphazard nebulae, if life is a colloidal accident, impersonally permanent and individually fleeting, if man is only a compound of chemicals, destined to disintegrate and utterly disappear, if the creative ecstasy of art, and the gentle wisdom of the sage, and the willing martyrdom of saints are but bright incidents in the protoplasmic pullulation of the earth, and death is the answer to every problem and the destiny of every soul–then philosophy will face that too, and try to find within that narrowed circle some significance and nobility for man.” Will Durant

“What is the meaning of human life, or of organic life altogether? To answer this question at all implies a religion. Is there any sense then, you ask, in putting it? I answer, the man who regards his own life and that of his fellow creatures as meaningless is not merely unfortunate but almost disqualified for life.” Albert Einstein

The purpose of life is not to be happy. It is to be useful…honourable…compassionate, to have it make some difference that you have lived and lived well. Ralph Waldo Emerson

“If there is meaning in life at all, then there must be meaning in suffering.” Viktor E. Frankl

“The human race is a monotonous affair. Most people spend the greatest part of their time working in order to live, and what little freedom remains so fills them with fear that they seek out any and every means to be rid of it.” Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

“The only meaning our lives have is the meaning we give them.” Robert Hellenga, Philosophy Made Simple

“About once or twice every month I engage in public debates with those whose pressing need it is to woo and to win the approval of supernatural beings. Very often, when I give my view that there is no supernatural dimension, and certainly not one that is only or especially available to the faithful, and that the natural world is wonderful enough—and even miraculous enough if you insist—I attract pitying looks and anxious questions. How, in that case, I am asked, do I find meaning and purpose in life? How does a mere and gross materialist, with no expectation of a life to come, decide what, if anything, is worth caring about?

Depending on my mood, I sometimes but not always refrain from pointing out what a breathtakingly insulting and patronizing question this is. (It is on a par with the equally subtle inquiry: Since you don’t believe in our god, what stops you from stealing and lying and raping and killing to your heart’s content?) Just as the answer to the latter question is: self-respect and the desire for the respect of others—while in the meantime it is precisely those who think they have divine permission who are truly capable of any atrocity—so the answer to the first question falls into two parts. A life that partakes even a little of friendship, love, irony, humor, parenthood, literature, and music, and the chance to take part in battles for the liberation of others cannot be called ‘meaningless’ except if the person living it is also an existentialist and elects to call it so. It could be that all existence is a pointless joke, but it is not in fact possible to live one’s everyday life as if this were so. Whereas if one sought to define meaninglessness and futility, the idea that a human life should be expended in the guilty, fearful, self-obsessed propitiation of supernatural nonentities… but there, there. Enough.” Christopher Hitchens

MDH Editorial on Hitchens – One morning at breakfast my family and some of my children’s friends had a wonderful time discussing this quote. The first question to be raised is who is trying “to woo and win the approval of supernatural beings?” Certainly not Christians, because the Bible teaches that God gives blessings to man, including salvation, quite independently of the man’s worth. The cornerstone of the gospel is that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. We have God’s infinite love and unconditional approval simply because He wills to give it to us. Since it is infinite, it cannot be added to. Why the Creator of Heaven and Earth loves us so much is a great mystery, but it has nothing to do with our trying to win His approval. Believers do good works because we are Christians and our nature has changed; not because we are trying to become Christians. We try to please God because we love Him, not to make Him love us more.

The material universe is wonderful, even miraculous, and certainly worthy of a lifetime of study and awe. Materialists in no way surpass believers in their wonder at the natural world. Believers might have even more, because while an atheist forces himself to believe that the majesty of nature derives from chance and strains to find meaning in it, the Christian believes that Creation reflects the glory of the God who loves them.

Hitchens made a good point when he said that those who think they have divine permission are truly capable of any atrocity, but judging from men like Joseph Stalin and Mao Tse Tung, those who do not think so are equally capable. That is why it is not enough to believe in something; people must believe in the Truth. He is also right in saying “It could be that all existence is a pointless joke, but it is not in fact possible to live one’s everyday life as if this were so.” This fact itself suggests that existence has profound meaning nearly beyond our powers to comprehend

Finally, Hitchens seemed to imply that believers in deities expended their lives in the “guilty, fearful, self-obsessed propitiation of supernatural nonentities”. Whether or not God is a “supernatural nonentity”, the truth of life is that everyone on earth, regardless of belief, expends their lives in quite a bit of guilt, fear, and self-obsession. The real question is whether people who believe in God have greater guilt, fear and self-obsession than those who do not. Christians should have no guilt because Jesus Christ has borne our sin, no fear because He has risen from the dead and so shall we, and no self-obsession because God is the center of our universe. Our incomplete success in these matters is not because of the weakness of the Gospel but because of the weakness of man. MDH

“But if God and immortality be repudiated, what is left? That is the question usually thrown at the atheist’s head. The orthodox believer likes to think that nothing is left. That, however, is because he has only been accustomed to think in terms of his orthodoxy. In point of fact, a great deal is left.

That is immediately obvious from the fact that many men and women have led active, or self-sacrificing, or noble, or devoted lives without any belief in God or immortality. Buddhism in its uncorrupted form has no such belief; nor did the great nineteenth-century agnostics; nor do the orthodox Russian Communists; nor did the Stoics. Of course, the unbelievers have often been guilty of selfish or wicked actions; but so have the believers. And in any case that is not the fundamental point. The point: is that without these beliefs men and women may yet possess the mainspring of full and purposive living, and just as strong a sense that existence can be worthwhile as is possible to the most devout believers.” Julian Huxley, Man in the Modern World

MDH Editorial on Huxley – It is absolutely true that many who rejected God have sensed that their existence was worthwhile, but man’s capacity for self-delusion is nearly infinite, and Adolph Hitler surely believed in the virtue of his cause; the worth of his life. Those who reject God are left to assume that man is the arbiter of worth and therefore if a man believes his existence worthwhile, it is. They may perhaps argue that mankind, not man, is the real arbiter, but then they are forced to define who “mankind” is and how “he” can judge worth. Those who accept God must assume that He is the arbiter of worth and that a man’s life is only worthwhile if He says it is. This is a fundamental difference.

If a man’s worth is only in his own opinion, then the value of his existence perishes with him. If it is in the eyes of others, it passes away with them. Only if the eternal God deems a man’s existence worthwhile does that value last forever. MDH

As far as we can discern, the sole purpose of human existence is to kindle a light in the darkness of mere being. Carl Gustav Jung

“Philosophers can debate the meaning of life, but you need a Lord who can declare the meaning of life.” Max Lucado

The philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways. The point, however, is to change it. Karl Marx

“Life has to be given a meaning because of the obvious fact that it has no meaning.” Henry Miller

The mind is its own place, and in itself, can make a heaven of hell, a hell of heaven. Milton

“Doubt as sin. — Christianity has done its utmost to close the circle and declared even doubt to be sin. One is supposed to be cast into belief without reason, by a miracle, and from then on to swim in it as in the brightest and least ambiguous of elements: even a glance towards land, even the thought that one perhaps exists for something else as well as swimming, even the slightest impulse of our amphibious nature — is sin! And notice that all this means that the foundation of belief and all reflection on its origin is likewise excluded as sinful. What is wanted are blindness and intoxication and an eternal song over the waves in which reason has drowned.” Friedrich Nietzsche

“True glory consists in doing what deserves to be written, in writing what deserves to be read, and in so living as to make the world happier and better for our living in it.” Pliny the Elder

“Without a purpose, schools are houses of detention, not attention” Neil Postman

“I don’t know the meaning of life. I don’t know why we are here. I think life is full of anxieties and fears and tears. It has a lot of grief in it, and it can be very grim. And I do not want to be the one who tries to tell somebody else what life is all about. To me it’s a complete mystery.” Charles M. Schulz

“To be what we are, and to become what we are capable of becoming, is the only end of life.” Robert Louis Stevenson

“Life is meaningless, when we take a life we take nothing of value.” Brent Weeks

Life is a game at terrible odds. If it were a bet you wouldn’t take it. Tom Stoppard

“I do not live when I loose belief in the existence of God. I should long ago have killed myself had I not had a dim hope of finding Him. I live really live only when I feel him and seek Him” Leo Tolstoy, A Confession

“The chief end of man is to glorify God and enjoy Him forever” Westminster Shorter Catechism

To realize one’s nature perfectly – that is what each of us is here for. Oscar Wilde

Oh, what’s the bloody point? Kenneth Williams

Surely something resides in this heart that is not perishable – and life is more than just a dream. Mary Wollstonecraft.

A living man is blind and drinks her drop. WB Yeats

The Value of Creeds

Creeds help us remember, and prompt us to think. We should use them more in the Church. 

Early in the history of the Church the “Scriptures” referred only to the Old Testament because the books we know of as the New Testament were not yet written or at least not in their final form. To ensure that early Christians knew the fundamentals of the faith, churches used Creeds, statements of faith with which one must agree to be considered part of the church. Hebrews 6:1-3 contains one of the earliest creeds in Church History. It includes the following:

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World Evangelism

Should we tell others about Jesus? If we don’t, the stones will cry out.

Evangelism, loosely defined as trying to get others to believe and practice a particular religious faith, has received a bad reputation in many circles in the last century. David Livingstone, the famous 19th century explorer-doctor-missionary in Southern Africa, reflected his times in his belief that Civilization, Commerce and Christianity would help Africa and the undeveloped world out of poverty and into relationship with Christ. He did not support European colonialism but others in his era did, and the association of the “3 Cs” with colonialism generated a backlash against missionary work in the post colonial era.

Evangelism also presupposes that the evangelist knows the true religion and the one being evangelized does not. Such a claim to knowledge cuts against the grain of moral relativism (“there is no true religion”) and can suggest that one man is inherently superior to another. It is difficult for any man to preach a belief system without importing his unseen cultural biases into his message, and the inherent conflict in trying to change another’s way of thinking can result in violence.

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Why not God?

Atheists and skeptics ask believers “Why God?” A better question might be “Why not God?” The choice determines eternity. 

Man believes that his existence and importance are self-evident and that God’s existence and importance are not. He therefore questions God, and in history billions of words have been deployed arguing for and against Him. Christians have used arguments based on moral law, causation, design in the universe, and the beauty of creation to support their belief in God’s existence. Non-Christians have attacked these arguments and deployed their own, primarily the problem of pain and suffering in the universe, to support their disbelief in God. On 24 March 2012, about 20,000 people at the Reason Rally in Washington DC celebrated “irreligion, nontheism and secularity”, and the event was billed as a “coming out” party for atheists in America.

If it is true that God is the foundational reality, not man, and “Why man?” is a far more reasonable question than “Why God?”, why is there such controversy about Him? If God is so dominant in the universe, why do so many people disbelieve? Why is so much venom and bile directed towards the One who is revealed in the Bible as being so loving and so good? We could ask, “Why not God?”

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Why God?

God is the fundamental assumption, the ground for all existence, and for every other assumption. He need not be proved and in the final analysis cannot be proved or disproved. So why is there so much controversy, and what do we do?

The question at hand is “Why God?” I was brought up in a Christian home and so I had a marvelous advantage over some who were not; God was just assumed in my home and none of the people around me thought otherwise. They had relatively minor differences about their understanding of His attributes but no one denied His existence or asked why He was important.

I have now had decades to consider the issue and decide for myself, as most people eventually get the chance to do. As a result, I believe in God more strongly than ever, for three reasons:

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Blessings and Curses in the Bible in the Ancient Near East

We may not believe it, due to our materialistic bent, but blessings and curses are real and powerful in the 21st century. 

Blessings and curses were very personal acts.  Hebrew words translated as bless occur 131 times in 121 verses in the NASB translation of the Old Testament. Hebrew words translated as curse occur 105 times in 94 verses in the NASB translation of the Old Testament.

Blessings and curses were considered to release a very real power which could determine the character and destiny of the recipient (Genesis 27:12).  A blessing was considered to be a visitation of the grace of a god and a curse was considered to be the visitation of the judgment of a god.  Polytheists such as the Babylonians and Egyptians believed that pronouncing a blessing or curse could force the deity to do the will of the one who was performing the act. Monotheists such as the Jews (in their better days) believed that a blessing or curse simply reflected the future that the sovereign God had ordained.

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